Sample APA Papers: Literature Review comment on the paper's format, content, and use of APA style.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).
Writing in APA Style for Literature Reviews Information from: Publication Manual of the American
Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post?Need extra help? call, email, or sit down with the librarian who is a subject-specialist in your field:Please contact britt mcgowan at firstname.lastname@example.org for inclusion in this guide. all disciplines welcome and encouraged.This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review assignment.
Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. important: if you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). to ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer "edit --> copy --> paste" functions. note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. the rule i follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if i were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making.Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. however, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. if you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. as you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). if you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in refworks, put these under user 2 or user 3; in excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors.Write a conclusion for the end of the review: provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. how you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. if the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. on the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
Double-space the entire list of references. alphabetize the list by the author’s last name (use the first author listed if a work is attributed to multiple authors). if there is no author given, start with the first significant word in the title. when writing out the titles of your references, capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle, as well as proper nouns. here are a few examples:As described above, literature reviews are evaluative surveys of scholarly articles and other sources that focus on a particular issue or area of research which should also be formatted in apa style. the purpose of a literature review is to provide an overview of important sources and information published about a specific topic. most writers of scholarly articles include an introductory literature review to provide a broader context for their original research.The first time a work is cited use: (cooper, 2001) or (cooper, 2001). the next and subsequent time(s), in the same paragraph, cite only the name, not the year: (cooper) if you use the name as part of the sentence: cooper. if the name is in the parenthetical citation, always include the year: (cooper, 2001). when a new paragraph is started, start over with the name and year citation.The heading on the page of sources should always be references, and it should always be included on a separate page at the end of your papers. references should be in a hanging indent format, meaning that the first line of each reference is set flush (far) left and the following lines are indented (see below for examples).
Keep in mind that a literature review is not just a summary of studies, but rather a synthesis of information and research methods in those studies. you must make clear how the studies relate to one another and to your thesis or research question and to your purpose. synthesis requires comparing themes, methods, and conclusions among the authors. one way to keep track of it all is to create a research matrix or table. the resources below will help you get a start.The degree to which the writer provides synthesis ( i.e., relates research studies to one another and to the paper's thesis and purpose in meaningful ways); and (e) the objectivity of the writer in selecting, interpreting, organizing, and summarizing.
APA Cheat Sheet 6th edition, 2009 Literature Reviews: o A literature review follows APA citation style
of the current literature. The literature review literature reviews: Guidelines and examples. a
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