Sample APA Papers: Literature Review This section offers a sample literature review, In a research
This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction literature reviews.
Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. important: if you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). to ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer "edit --> copy --> paste" functions. note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. the rule i follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if i were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making.Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. however, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. if you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. as you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). if you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in refworks, put these under user 2 or user 3; in excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors.Write a conclusion for the end of the review: provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. how you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. if the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. on the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
The aspect of writing a research paper is sometimes difficult if you are not familiar with the chapters. For an essay article that intends to provide research
GUIDELINES FOR WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW. literature review is on previous research related to the
Before a biologist reports on her laboratory experiment or an economist offers his analysis of current fiscal conditions, each provides the background for his/her work. that background often takes the form of a "literature review," a summary and appraisal of all related scientific reports and economic analyses previously published. such careful review of relevant "secondary sources" establishes the context for—the on-going conversation about— the biologist’s or economist’s own original conclusions drawn from "primary sources," i.e., the artifacts examined and data collected in lab or field. written in essay style, this literature review describes, classifies, and evaluates the sources of information published on a given topic.A literature review is written in the style of an expository essay; it comprises an introduction, body and conclusion, and it is organized around a controlling idea or thesis. an annotated bibliography is simply an alphabetized list of sources accompanied by comments. moreover, while a single source appears just once in an annotated bibliography, it may be referred to numerous times in a literature review, depending upon its importance in the field or relationship to other sources. finally, a literature review includes its own intext citations and bibliography or works cited list.A literature review may stand alone and be assigned or published as a discrete entity. or it may constitute one section of a larger research paper or one chapter—usually the first—of a thesis. whereas the main body of a research paper focuses on the subject of your research, the literature review focuses on your sources. put another way, in the research paper you use expert sources to support the discussion of your thesis; in a literature review, you discuss the sources themselves.Note: a literature review is about the existing literature on your subject and provides background for your own research findings or commentary. however, it is not primarily about you or your relationship to the literature. therefore, a literature review should not be organized as a narrative of your own research process. a literature review that says essentially "first i found this source, then i found this one ...." is not acceptable.
Writing the Literature Review. Sample APA Papers: Literature Review. Sample of a Literature Review
A model for your own literature review, but you may not cite or quote or otherwise.Range from 17 to 40; the median age is 19. sixty-five percent of the respondents.Excerpt from an article in progress. you may read this material and use it as.What is a "defining moment?" the phrase has been used in the media to describe.
The Department of Biology. Pointers about writing each section of a research paper (with examples)
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