There is a demand for transparent methods of synthesising the findings of qualitative research studies, and qualitative and quantitative research. In the social sciences, synthesis of qualitative research findings is a better descriptor of the process for qualitative research, and the term meta-synthesis is used to distinguish this from quantitative meta-analysis.
That might require working with qualitative studies of information behaviour of students in different disciplines, and in different countries exploring and challenging assumptions about the desirability of certain skills. Using a meta-synthesis approach would allow the qualitative research to be included in the review, and at an early stage, too, rather than as an after-thought to the meta-analysis.
However, the recent a comprehensive framework for good practice offers potential, researchers wanting to carry out a synthesis and for those use the findings of a is important to note that there are many different terms used be the various methods, some of which have been applied terms such as ‘qualitative meta-analysis’, ‘meta-study’ and ‘meta-synthesis’. Critical interpretive synthesis is suited to reviews where there is a mix of qualitative and quantitative studies, and a larger number of studies than can be handled than meta-ethnography.
One study (williamson and asia 2009) is an example of the type of qualitative study that might contribute to meta-synthesis, to answer questions public library managers might pose. Meta-synthesis may also be used to integrate the findings from quantitative and qualitative have been large reviews of the literature on information seeking, but these, like the successive reviews in the annual review of information science and technology, or the book by donald case (2007) are generally narrative literature reviews, with some elements of mapping reviews (as defined in a typology of reviews by grant and booth (2009).
Sadly, the usual problem for the latter is a lack of measurement points prior to the type of evidence that is prevalent in library and information science is the observational survey, often a mixture of quantitative and qualitative data, or ethnographic research with qualitative data drawn from various sources such as interviews, observation in fieldwork, focus groups. In the social sciences, synthesis is a better descriptor of the process for qualitative research and the term meta-synthesis is used to distinguish this from quantitative meta-analysis.
For synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research findings, for the fifth theme in particular (communicating risks and decision making) we could have converted some of the qualitative to quantitative data (as described by mays et al. 3, of the methods maintain the qualitative form of the evidence meta-ethnography and some involve converting qualitative findings into.
We had a large and untidy pile of research that was partly quantitative, partly qualitative, or a mixture of both, with visible and less visible feminist influences. An overview of qualitative research published between 1988 and 2004 identified syntheses of which meta-ethnography was the method most .
Systematic categorising data into themes and counting frequency of process for from qualitative cases into a quantitative ative comparative. This question might be explored by a more in-depth analysis of around five to ten qualitative studies, translating concepts of one study to another.
The constant comparative method – has received most attention as a set of procedures for analysing qualitative has been used to ons about women’s experiences of domestic violence,65 living with hiv infection66 and caring in ative research synthesis: qualitative meta-synthesis3. Secondly, qualitative meta-synthesis is much fuzzier on the benefits of appraising research studies prior to synthesis.
Web of knowledge and google scholar were used for this, along with a check of document alerts on the asqus (advice and support in qualitative evidence synthesis) mailing list (time period for database searching was 2002 to late 2009, as most of this literature is recent). The difficulty was that meta-ethnography requires some homogeneity in the studies and we did not have a neat, small pile of qualitative research on sex and information behaviour.
The categories used were those provided by guba and lincoln (2008: 260-261) and those used by barnett-page and thomas (2009 in their review of qualitative methods of meta-synthesis. Unsurprisingly, there are many approaches to meta-synthesis, and a review of meta-synthesis methods for qualitative research (barnett-page and thomas 2009) lists around ten methods.
Second, qualitative meta-synthesis is much fuzzier on the benefits of appraising research studies prior to synthesis. Some of the reviews that deal with the integration of qualitative and quantitative research data emphasise the importance of the questions asked by policymakers.
The use of the term meta-synthesis to synthesis of qualitative research has been criticised on the it is not specific to qualitative research, and is frequently ect, since what is being attempted is not at the meta-level of sis but at the meta-level of the included studies (mary dixon-woods,Personal communication). And applicability of activity ty theory as conceptual vary – mostly ts activity theory applicable to information the overview of reviews of meta-synthesis, table 2 indicates whether the review covered qualitative, or mixed qualitative-quantitative research synthesis, as well as indicating the scope of the 2: reviews of meta-synthesis ative and t-page and thomas (2009).
Some researchers propose participatory approaches, with emphasis on seeing the information user within a network with other colleagues, or peers, or family, or as part of a community of nthesis major comprehensive review (barnett-page and thomas 2009) covered a range of meta-synthesis of qualitative methods, including meta-ethnography, critical interpretive synthesis, grounded theory approaches, meta-narrative and thematic synthesis. Some, but not all, of these methods could be applied to synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research studies on the same topic.
For meta-synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research there are several methods, including some that work for purely qualitative research as well (mays et al. For qualitative research, and the types of research common in library and information science, meta-synthesis methods might be appropriate.